This Month in History: February
February is full of fascinating historical facts. Here are eight of them, spanning from ancient history to more recent times. Check out the links to learn more!
On 1 February 1865, the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery within the United States, was approved as an amendment to the Constitution.
A Look at the 13th and 14th Amendments: Slavery Abolished, Equal Protection Established by John Conway
On 1 February 1965, exactly 100 years following the approval of the 13th Amendment, Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and hundreds of supporters of voter’s rights were arrested for protesting and marching in Selma, Alabama.
Selma: Motion Picture
The Yalta Conference was held from 4 – 11th of February in 1945 in Crimea; it was at this conference that the leaders of the Allied nations Winston Churchill, Josef Stalin, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, sought to come to agreement in making plans for the post-war world.
War and Peace: FDR's Final Odyssey, D-Day to Yalta, 1943-1945 by Nigel Hamilton
The month of February is very significant in the life of Galileo Galilei; he was born on 15 February 1564 in Pisa, Italy, on 22 February 1632 he presented his world system's theory wherein he posited that the Earth (and other planets) orbited the Sun, and on 13 February 1633 he faced heresy charges by the Roman Catholic Church.
Galileo by J.L. Heilbron
On 15 February 1978, prolific American serial killer Ted Bundy was recaptured in Dade Country, Florida, after having escaped prison in Colorado, wherein he had escaped to after facing criminal investigation in the Pacific Northwest. This final capture would bring his long reign of terror on the American public to a halt.
The Stranger Beside Me by Ann Rule
On 15 February 1945, with joint cooperation between the US Navy and the US Marine Corps, the United States launched in the invasion of the island of Iwo Jima, which was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army. The battle was grueling, with excessive casualties for both nations, but resulted in an American victory.
Indestructible by Jack Lucas
On 19 February 1878, famed inventor and innovator Thomas Edison was granted a patent for his phonograph, or gramophone; this creation is a predecessor to the record player, cassette player, CD player, and MP3 downloading, and thus was necessary in the rapid, at-will ability to play and listen to music.
Edison and the Rise of Innovation by Leonard DeGraaf
On 25 February 1570, Queen Elizabeth I of England was excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church for heresy, as she had adopted Protestantism and thus England’s population had become Protestant, and for the crime of executing faithful English Catholics during her reign.
The Watchers: A Secret History of the Reign of Elizabeth I by Stephen Alford